Digital Camera Types

Among the three Digital Camera Types, first let us look at what is undoubtedly the most popular type: The Digital Compact Camera.

Compact Camera

When looking at the three Digital Camera Types,you have only to look around you as you walk into any camera shop to see the huge variety of compact cameras now available. Some are offering over 7 megapixels. ( Don’t worry about exactly what that means, if you’re interested you’ll find some definitions elsewhere. Otherwise, all you need to know is: the higher the number of pixels, the higher the definition and the larger print size you can achieve.) Virtually all of them have a zoom lens, which is very important for framing each image to best advantage.

The principal benefits of Compact Cameras are: cost, fewer gadgets, making them less complicated to use and, of course, they can be easily slipped into a pocket or handbag, a considerable convenience when travelling.

It’s also worth mentioning that it is no longer necessary to compromise on image quality with a compact as the megapixel sizes available are already high and, no doubt, will continue to increase. However, if all you want are postcard size prints, then you should buy at the lower end.

The price of Compact Digital Cameras range between about £75 and £300.

Take a look at the wide range of Digital Campact Cameras.

The Digital ‘Bridge’ Camera.

'Bridge' Camera

Of the three Digital Camera Types,you may not have heard of this type of camera before. Quite simply, it is a ‘bridge’ between the compact digital camera and the Digital SLR Camera, detailed below. In one respect the ‘bridge’ camera is similar to the compact in that it has one zoom lens fixed to the camera. It does not accommodate interchangeable lenses.

However, it is generally a much more complicated camera than the compact offering the keen amateur photographer much more scope. All three Digital Camera Types we are looking at here will have a menu button which will bring up on the display screen ways of adjusting the operation of the camera, the details of which are beyond the scope of this article. Suffice it to say that you can happily use the cameras with the original settings and still produce excellent pictures.

As you become more familiar with the camera of your choice, and perhaps wish to experiment, you will find everything you need to know from the detailed manual provided with each camera.

The price range of ‘Bridge’ Cameras is between £400 and £800. They may not necessarily be described as ‘Bridge’, but you can distinguish them from DSLR cameras by the fact that they do not accommodate interchangeable lenses.

Discover some 'Bridge' Cameras

The next and most sophisticated digital camera type is the Digital SLR camera. That is a single lens reflex camera.

DSLR Camera

Although this Digital Camera Type is designed to accommodate interchangeable lenses, (wide angle, normal and telephoto) it is called a single lens camera to distinguish it from a Twin Lens Reflex Camera (TLR) which used to be more common than it is today. It has one lens on top of the other with the top lens acting as a viewfinder and with the bottom lens taking the picture.

I can’t help mentioning that my first serious camera, purchased in 1953 is a Microcord TLR and is as good as new today. However, I won’t be distracted into the benefits of this camera type as, so far as I am aware, a digital camera of that type has not been made.

You may be wondering what is meant by a reflex camera. A Reflex Camera follows one general design. As its name suggests, it reflects the image on to a focusing screen. The light passing through the lens is intercepted by mirrors placed at 45 degrees to transmit the image to the viewfinder. In this way the eye sees exactly the same as is ‘seen’ by the camera. The advantage of seeing through the lens rather than through an independent viewfinder is that correct focusing can also be checked and parallax problems are avoided.

The other two Digital Camera Types use electronic means to create the image in the viewfinder.

Now, perhaps needless to say, the DSLR camera is more complex than either the Compact or ‘Bridge’ camera offering far greater scope for the experienced photographer. It is, of course, the type used by the professional photographer and can vary in price from about £500 to £6000 for the body only! By the time you have bought two or three lenses, buying at the top end, you would have little change out of £10,000! However it is possible to find a good DSLR with just one lens for under £1000.

See the wide range of DSLR Cameras available